**Many of the papers below have been
made available in PDF format as a courtesy. Please be aware
that almost every paper listed below is copyrighted by the
organization responsible for the corresponding conference or
journal.**

- Y. Lv, B. R. Zink, R. P. Bloom, H. Cılasun, P. Khanal, S. Resch, Z. Chowdhury, A. Habiboglu, W. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, U. Karpuczu, and J.-P. Wang “Experimental Demonstration of Magnetic Tunnel Junction-based Computational Random-Access Memory,” accepted for publication in npj Unconventional Computing, 2024.
- Y. Lin, Y. Li, M. Madhusudan, S. S. Sapatnekar, R. Harjani, and J. Hu, “MMM: Machine Learning-Based Macro-Modeling for Linear Analog ICs and ADC/DACs,” accepted for publication in the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 2024.
- A. K. Sharma, M. Madhusudan, S. M. Burns, S. Yaldiz, P. Mukherjee, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Constructive Place-and-Route for Transistor Arrays in Analog Circuits Under Nonlinear Gradients,” accepted for publication in the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 2024.
- H. Cılasun, Z. Zeng, Ramprasath S., A. Kumar, H.
Lo, W. Cho, W. Moy, C. H. Kim, U. R. Karpuzcu, and S. S.
Sapatnekar, “3SAT
on an All-to-All-Connected CMOS Ising Solver Chip,”
Scientific Reports,
Vol. 14, Article number 10757, 2024 (11 pages).

- H. Esmaeilzadeh, S. Ghodrati, A. B. Kahng, J. K.
Kim, S. Kinzer, S. Kundu, R. Mahapatra, S. D. Manasi, S. S.
Sapatnekar, Z.Wang, and Z. Zeng, “An Open-Source ML-Based
Full-Stack Optimization Framework for Machine Learning
Accelerators,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of
Electronic Systems,
Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 68:1 -- 68:33, July 2024.

- V. A. Chhabria, W. Jiang, A. B. Kahng, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "A Machine Learning Approach to Improving Timing Consistency between Global Route and Detailed Route," ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 18:1 – 18:25, January 2024.
- S. Mondal, S. D. Manasi, K. Kunal, Ramprasath S., Z. Zeng, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "A Unified Engine for Accelerating GNN Weighting/Aggregation Operations, with Efficient Load Balancing and Graph-Specific Caching,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 4844 – 4857, December 2023.
- N. Karmokar, A. K. Sharma, J. Poojary, M. Madhusudan, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Constructive Placement and Routing for Common-Centroid Capacitor Arrays in Binary-Weighted and Split DACs,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 42, No. 9, pp. 2782 – 2795, September 2023.
- K. Kunal, T. Dhar, M. Madhusudan, J. Poojary, A. K. Sharma, W. Xu, S. M. Burns, J. Hu, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "GNN-based Hierarchical Annotation for Analog Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 42, No. 9, pp. 2801 – 2814, September 2023.
- Ramprasath S., A. K. Sharma, J. Poojary, S. Yaldiz, R. Harjani, S. M. Burns, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Generalized Methodology for Well Island Generation and Well-Tap Insertion in Analog/Mixed-Signal Layouts,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 69:1 – 69:25, September 2023.
- H. Lo, W. Moy, H. Yu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “A 48-node All-to-all Connected Coupled Ring Oscillator Ising Solver Chip,” Nature Electronics, 31 August 2023.
- B. R. Zink, Y. Lv, M. Zabihi, H. Cilasun, S. S. Sapatnekar, U. R. Karpuzcu, M. D. Riedel, and J.-P. Wang, “Stochastic Computing Scheme of Embedding Random Bit Generation and Processing in Computational Random Access Memory (SC-CRAM),” IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 29 – 37, June 2023.
- T. Dhar, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “An Aging Model
for Current DACs, and its Application to Analyzing Lifetime
Degradation in a Wireline Equalizer," Microelectronics
Reliability, Vol. 142, Article 114912, 14 pages, March 2023.

- Y. Li, Y. Lin, M. Madhusudan, A. K. Sharma, S. S. Sapatnekar, R. Harjani, and J. Hu, “Performance-Driven Wire Sizing for Analog Integrated Circuits,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 19:1 – 19:19, March 2023.
- V. A. Chhabria, V. Ahuja, A. Prabhu, N. Patil, P.
Jain, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Encoder-Decoder Networks for
Analyzing Thermal and Power Delivery Networks,” ACM
Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol.
28, No. 1, pp. 3:1 – 3:27, March 2023.

- V. A. Chhabria and S. S. Sapatnekar, “OpeNPDN: A Neural-network-based Framework for Power Delivery Network Synthesis,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 41, No. 10, pp. 3515 – 3528, October 2022.
- Z. I. Chowdhury, S. K. Khatamifard, S. Resch, H. Cilasun, Z. Zhao, M. Zabihi, M. Razaviyayn, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and U. R. Karpuzcu, “CRAM-Seq: Accelerating RNA-Seq Abundance Quantification using Computational RAM,” IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 2055 – 2071, October 2022.
- S. Resch, S. K. Khatamifard, Z. I. Chowdhury, M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, H. Cilasun, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and U. R. Karpuzcu, “Energy Efficient and Reliable Inference in Nonvolatile Memory under Extreme Operating Conditions,” ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems, Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 57:1 – 57:36, September 2022.
- W. Moy, I. Ahmed, P.-W. Chu, J. Moy, S. S.
Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “A 1,968 Coupled Ring Oscillator
Combinatorial Optimization Problem Solver,” Nature
Electronics, 02 May 2022.

- M. Zabihi, S. Resch, H. Cılasun, Z. I. Chowdhury, Z. Zhao, U. R. Karpuzcu, J.-P. Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar “Exploring the Feasibility of Using 3D XPoint as an In-Memory Computing Accelerator,” IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 88 – 96, December 2021.
- L. Everson, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “A Time-Based Intra-Memory Computing Graph Processor Featuring A* Wavefront Expansion and 2D Gradient Control,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 56, No. 7, pp. 2281 – 2290, July 2021.
- F. S. Snigdha, S. D. Manasi, J. Hu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “SeFAct2: Selective Feature Activation for Energy-Efficient CNNs using Optimized Thresholds,” in the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 2020 Vol. 40, No. 8, pp. 1423 – 1436, July 2021.
- H. Cilasun, S. Resch, Z. I. Chowdhury, E. Olson, M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, T. Peterson, K. K. Parhi, J. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and U. R. Karpuzcu, “Spiking Neural Networks in Spintronic Computational RAM,” ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 59:1 – 59:21, September 2021.
- T. Dhar, K. Kunal, Y. Li, M. Madhusudan, J. Poojary, A. K. Sharma, W. Xu, S. M. Burns, R. Harjani, J. Hu, D. A. Kirkpatrick, P. Mukherjee, S. S. Sapatnekar, and S. Yaldiz, "ALIGN: A System for Automating Analog Layout," IEEE Design & Test, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 8 – 18, April 2021.
- S. D. Manasi, F. S. Snigdha, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "NeuPart: Using Analytical Models to Drive Energy-Efficient Partitioning of CNN Computations on Cloud-Connected Mobile Clients," IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 28, No. 8, pp. 1844 – 1857, August 2020.
- M. Zabihi, A. K. Sharma, M. G. Mankalale, Z. I. Chowdhury, Z. Zhao, S. Resch, U. R. Karpuzcu, J.-P. Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Analyzing the Effects of Interconnect Parasitics in the STT CRAM In-memory Computational Platform,” IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 71 – 79, June 2020.
- Z. I. Chowdhury, M. Zabihi, S. K. Khatamifard, Z. Zhao, S. Resch, M. Razaviyayn, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and U. R. Karpuzcu, "A DNA Read Alignment Accelerator Based on Computational RAM," IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 80 – 88, June 2020.
- L. Everson, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, "A Shortest Path Finding Time-based Accelerator Core with Built-in Gravity Control and Buffer Zone for Smooth 3D Navigation," IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 66 – 69, February 2020.
- Q. Fan, D. J. Lilja, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "Adaptive-length Coding of Image Data for Low-cost Approximate Storage," IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. 69, No. 2, pp. 239 – 252, February 2020.
- Z. Chowdhury, S. K. Khatamifard, Z. Zhao, M. Zabihi, S. Resch, M. Razaviyayn, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and U. Karpuzcu, "Spintronic In-Memory Pattern Matching," IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 206 – 219, December 2019.
- S. Resch, S. K. Khatamifard, Zamshed I. Chowdhury, M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and U. R. Karpuzcu, "PIMBALL: Binary Neural Networks in Spintronic Memory," ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization, Vol. 16, Issue 4, pp. 41:1 – 41:26, October 2019.
- T. Li and S. S. Sapatnekar, "Stress-Induced Performance Shifts in 3D DRAMs," ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 51:1 –51:21, July 2019.
- M. Zabihi, Z. Chowdhury, Z. Zhao, U. R. Karpuzu, J.-P. Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “In-Memory Processing on the Spintronic CRAM: From Hardware Design to Application Mapping,” IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. 68, No. 8, pp. 1159 – 1173, August 2019.
- M. G. Mankalale, Z. Zhao, J.-P. Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "SkyLogic – A Proposal for a Skyrmion Logic Device," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 66, No. 4, pp. 1990 – 1996, April 2019.
- F. S. Snigdha, D. Sengupta, J. Hu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Dynamic Approximation of JPEG Hardware,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 295 – 308, February 2019.
- D. Sengupta, F. S. Snigdha, J. Hu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “An Analytical Approach to Error PMF Characterization of Approximate Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 70 – 83, January 2019.
- S. Marella and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Circuit Performance Shifts Due to Layout-Dependent Stress in Planar and 3D-ICs,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 26, No. 12, pp. 2907–2920, December 2018.
- J. Song, I. Ahmed, Z. Zhao, D. Zhang, S. S. Sapatnekar, J.-P. Wang, and C. H. Kim, “Evaluation of Operating Margin and Switching Probability of Voltage Controlled Magnetic Anisotropy (VCMA) Magnetic Tunnel Junctions,” IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 76 – 84, December 2018.
- Z. Liang, M. G. Mankalale, J. Hu, Z. Zhao, J.-P. Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Performance Characterization and Majority Gate Design for MESO-based Circuits,” IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 51 – 59, December 2018.
- W. Xu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Hu, “A Simple Yet Efficient Accuracy Configurable Adder Design,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 1112 – 1125, June 2018.
- Z. Chowdhury, J. D. Harms, S. K. Khatamifard, M. Zabihi, Y. Lv, A. P. Lyle, S. S. Sapatnekar, U. R. Karpuzcu, and J.-P. Wang, “Efficient In-Memory Processing Using Spintronics,” IEEE Computer Architecture Letters, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 42 – 46, January–June 2018.
- I. Ahmed, Z. Zhao, M. G. Mankalale, S. S. Sapatnekar, J.-P. Wang, and C. H. Kim, “A Comparative Study between Spin-Transfer-Torque (STT) and Spin-Hall-Effect (SHE) Switching Mechanisms using SPICE,” IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 74 – 82, December 2017.
- M. G. Mankalale, Z. Liang, Z. Zhao, C. H. Kim, J.-P.Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “CoMET: Composite- Input Magnetoelectric-based Logic Technology,” IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 3, pp. 27 – 36, December 2017.
- D. Sengupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Estimating Circuit Aging due to BTI and HCI using Ring-Oscillator- Based Sensors,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 36, No. 10, pp. 1688 – 1701, October 2017.
- P. Jain, V. Mishra, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Fast Stochastic Analysis of Electromigration in Power Distribution Networks,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 25, No. 9, pp. 2512 – 2524, September 2017.
- M. G. Mankalale, Z. Liang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “STEM: A Scheme for Two-phase Evaluation of Majority Logic,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 1–10, July 2017.
- M. Mankalale and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimized Standard Cells for All-Spin Logic,” ACM Journal on Emerging Technology in Computing, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 21:1 – 21:22, November 2016.
- V. Mishra and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Probabilistic Wire Resistance Degradation due to Electromigration in Power Grids,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 628 – 640, April 2017.
- Z. Liang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Energy/Delay Tradeoffs in All-Spin Logic Circuits,” IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Computational Devices and Circuits, Vol. 2, pp. 10 – 19, December 2016.
- P. Jain, J. Cortadella, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Fast and Retargetable Framework for Logic-IP-internal Electromigration Assessment Comprehending Advanced Waveform Effects,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 2345 – 2358, June 2016.
- G. Posser, V. Mishra, P. Jain, R. Reis, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Cell-Internal Electromigration: Analysis and Pin Placement Based Optimization,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 220 – 231, February 2016.
- J. Cortadella, M. Galceran-Oms, M. Kishinevsky, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “RTL Synthesis: From Logic Synthesis to Automatic Pipelining,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 103, No. 11, pp. 2061 – 2075, November 2015.
- S. Marella and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Holistic Analysis of Circuit Performance Variations in 3D-ICs with Thermal and TSV-induced Stress Considerations,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 23, No. 7, pp. 1308 – 1321, July 2015.
- J. Kim, A. Paul, P. A. Crowell, S. J. Koester, S. S. Sapatnekar, J.-P. Wang, and C. H. Kim, “Spin Based Computing: Device Concepts, Current Status, and a Case Study on a High Performance Microprocessor,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 103, No. 1, pp. 106 – 130, January 2015.
- J. Fang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Incorporating Hot Carrier Injection Effects into Timing Analysis for Large Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 2738 – 2751, December 2014.
- P. Zhou, A. Paul, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Distributed On-Chip Switched-Capacitor DC-DC Converters Supporting DVFS in Multicore Systems,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 22, No. 9, pp. 1954 – 1967, September 2014.
- B. Boghrati and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Incremental Analysis of Power Grids using Backward Random Walks,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 31:1 – 31:29, June 2014.
- S. Gupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Variation-Aware Design of Variable Latency Units,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 1106 – 1117, May 2014.
- Y. Wei, C. Sze, N. Viswanathan, Z. Li, C. J. Alpert, L. Reddy, A. D. Huber, G. E. Tellez, D. Keller, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Techniques for Scalable and Effective Routability Evaluation,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 17:1 – 17:37, March 2014.
- S. Gupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Employing Circadian Rhythms to Enhance Power and Reliability,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 38:1 – 38:23, July 2013.
- J. Fang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “The Impact of BTI Variations on Timing in Digital Logic Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on Device and Material Reliability, Vol.13, No. 1, pp. 277-286, March 2013.
- S. Gupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Compact Current Source Models for Timing Analysis under Temperature and Body Bias Variations,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 20, No. 11, pp. 2104 – 2117, November 2012.
- J. Fang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Scalable Methods for Analyzing the Circuit Failure Probability Due to Gate Oxide Breakdown,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 20, No. 11, pp. 1960 – 1973, November 2012.
- H. Qian, S. S. Sapatnekar, and E. Kursun, “Fast Poisson Solvers for Thermal Analysis,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 32:1 – 32:23, June 2012.
- J. Keane, C. H. Kim, Q. Liu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Process and Reliability Sensors for Nanoscale CMOS,” IEEE Design & Test, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 8 – 17, September/October 2012.
- P. Zhou, P.-H. Yuh, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimized 3D Network-on-Chip Design Using Simulated Allocation,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 12:1 – 12:19, April 2012.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “Overcoming Variations in Nanometer-Scale Technologies,” IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 5–18, March 2011.
- S. V. Kumar, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Adaptive Techniques for Overcoming Performance Degradation due to Aging in CMOS Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 603–614, January 2011.
- Q. Liu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Capturing Post-Silicon Variations using a Representative Critical Path,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 211 – 222, February 2010.
- S. V. Kumar, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Finite Oxide Thickness Based Analytical Model for Negative Temperature Bias Instability,” IEEE Transactions on Device and Material Reliability, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 537 – 556, December 2009.
- P. Zhou, K. Sridharan, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Power Grid Optimization in 3D Circuits Using MIM and CMOS Decoupling Capacitors,” IEEE Design & Test, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 15 – 25, 2009.
- P.-H. Yuh, S. S. Sapatnekar, C.-L. Yang, and Y.-W. Chang, “A Progressive-ILP Based Routing Algorithm for the Synthesis of Cross-Referencing Biochips,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 28, No. 9, pp. 1295 – 1306, September 2009.
- Q. Liu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Framework for Scalable Post-Silicon Statistical Delay Prediction under Spatial Variations,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 28, No. 8, pp. 1201 – 1212, August 2009.
- H. D. Mogal, H. Qian, S. S. Sapatnekar, and K. Bazargan, “Fast and Accurate Statistical Criticality Computation under Process Variations,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 350 – 363, March 2009.
- Y. Zhan, S. V. Kumar, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Thermally-Aware Design,” Foundations and Trends in Electronic Design Automation, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 255 – 370, 2008.
- Y. Zhan and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Automated Module Assignment in Stacked-Vdd Designs for High-Efficiency Power Delivery,” ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 18:1 – 18:20, October 2008.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “Variability and Statistical Design,” IPSJ Transactions on System LSI Design Methodology, Vol. 1, pp. 18 – 32, August 2008.
- J. Keane, H. Eom, T.-H. Kim, S. Sapatnekar, and C. Kim, “Stack Sizing for Optimal Current Drivability in Subthreshold Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 16, No. 5, pp. 598 – 602, May 2008.
- H. Qian and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Stochastic Preconditioning for Diagonally Dominant Matrices,” SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 1178 – 1204, March 2008.
- S. V. Kumar, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Body Bias Voltage Computations for Process and Temperature Compensation,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 249 – 262, March 2008.
- T. Zhang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Buffering Global Interconnects in Structured ASIC Design,” Integration: The VLSI Journal, Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 171 – 182, February 2008.
- J. Gu, J. Keane, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “Statistical Leakage Estimation of Double Gate FinFET Devices Considering the Width Quantization Property,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 206 – 209, February 2008.
- J. Singh, Z.-Q. Luo, and S. Sapatnekar, “A Geometric Programming-based Worst-Case Gate Sizing Method Incorporating Spatial Correlation,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 295 – 308, February 2008.
- J. Singh and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Scalable Statistical Static Timing Analyzer Incorporating Correlated Non-Gaussian and Gaussian Parameter Variations,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 160 – 173, January 2008.
- S. K. Karandikar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Technology Mapping Using Logical Effort Solving the Load Distribution Problem,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 45 – 48, January 2008.
- Y. Zhan and S. S. Sapatnekar, “High Efficiency Green Function-Based Thermal Simulation Algorithms,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 26, No. 9, pp. 1661 – 1675, September 2007.
- T. Zhang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Simultaneous Shield and Buffer Insertion for Crosstalk Noise Reduction in Global Routing,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 15, No. 6, pp. 624 – 636, June 2007.
- H. Chang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Prediction of Leakage Power under Process Uncertainties,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 12:1 – 12:27, April 2007.
- J.-L. Tsai, C. C.-P. Chen, G. Chen, B. Goplen, H. Qian, Y. Zhan, S.-M. Kang, D.-F. Wong, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Temperature-Aware Placement for SOCs,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 94, No. 8, pp. 1502 - 1518, August 2006.
- C. J. Alpert, J. Hu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. N. Sze, “Accurate Estimation of Global Buffer Delay within a Floorplan,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 25, No. 6, pp. 1140 – 1146, June 2006.
- R. S. Shelar, P. Saxena, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Technology Mapping Targeting Routing Congestion Under Delay Constraints,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 625 – 636, April 2006.
- J. Singh and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Partition-based Algorithm for Power Grid Design using Locality,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 664 – 677, April 2006.
- B. Goplen and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Placement of Thermal Vias in 3D ICs using Various Thermal Objectives,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 692 – 709, April 2006.
- S. K. Karandikar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Fast Comparisons of Circuit Implementations,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 13, No. 12, pp. 1329 – 1339, December 2005.
- A. K. Sultania, D. Sylvester, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Gate Oxide Leakage and Delay Tradeoffs for Dual Tox Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 13, No. 12, pp. 1362 – 1375, December 2005.
- C. Ababei, Y. Feng, B. Goplen, H. Mogal, T. Zhang, K. Bazargan, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Placement and Routing in 3D Integrated Circuits,” IEEE Design & Test of Computers, Vol. 22, No. 6, pp. 520 – 531, Nov – Dec 2005.
- H. Chang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Statistical Timing Analysis Under Spatial Correlations,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 24, No. 9, pp. 1467 – 1482, September 2005.
- R. S. Shelar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “BDD Decomposition for Delay Oriented Pass Transistor Logic Synthesis,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 13, No. 8, pp. 957 – 970, August 2005.
- H. Qian, S. R. Nassif, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Power Grid Analysis using Random Walks,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 24, No. 8, pp. 1204 – 1224, August 2005.
- R. S. Shelar, S. S. Sapatnekar, P. Saxena, and X. Wang, “A Predictive Distributed Congestion Metric with Appication to Technology Mapping,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 696 – 710, May 2005.
- J. Singh and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Congestion-Aware Topology Optimization of Structured Power/Ground Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 683 – 695, May 2005.
- H. Qian, S. R. Nassif, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Early-stage Power Grid Analysis for Uncertain Working Modes,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 676 – 682, May 2005.
- H. Su, J. Hu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and S. R. Nassif, “A Methodology for the Simultaneous Design of Supply and Signal Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 23, No. 12, pp. 1614 – 1624, December 2004.
- V. Sundararajan, S. S. Sapatnekar, and K. K. Parhi, “A New Approach for Integration of Min-Area Retiming and Min-Delay Padding for Simultaneously Addressing Short-path and Long-path Constraints,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 273 – 289, July 2004.
- S. K. Karandikar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Technology Mapping for SOI Domino Logic Incorporating Solutions for the Parasitic Bipolar Effect,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 11, No. 9, pp. 1094 – 1105, December 2003.
- H. Su, K. Gala, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Analysis and Optimization of Structured Power/Ground Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 22, No. 11, pp. 1533 – 1544, November 2003.
- S. S. Sapatnekar and H. Su, “Analysis and Optimization of Power Grids,” IEEE Design and Test (Special Issue on Power Supply and Analysis for IC's), Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 7 – 15, May-June 2002.
- C. J. Alpert, J. Hu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and P. Villarrubia, “A Practical Methodology for Early Buffer and Wire Resource Allocation,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 573 – 583, May 2003.
- H. Su, S. S. Sapatnekar, and S. R. Nassif, “Optimal Decoupling Capacitor Sizing and Placement for Standard Cell Layout Designs,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 428 – 436, April 2003.
- H. Hu, D. T. Blaauw, V. Zolotov, K. Gala, M. Zhao, R. Panda, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Fast On-Chip Inductance Simulation using a Precorrected-FFT Method,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 49 – 61, January 2003.
- H. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Efficient Inductance Extraction using Circuit-Aware Techniques,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 746 – 761, December 2002.
- J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Timing-constrained Simultaneous Global Routing Algorithm,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 21, No. 9, pp. 1025 – 1036, September 2002.
- J. Pangjun and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Low Power Clock Distribution using Multiple Voltages and Reduced Swings,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 309 – 318, June 2002.
- J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Performance Driven Global Routing Through Gradual Refinement,” VLSI Design (Special Issue on Timing Analysis and Optimization for Deep Sub-Micron ICs), Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 595 – 604, 2002.
- V. Sundararajan, S. S. Sapatnekar, and K. K. Parhi, “Fast and Exact Transistor Sizing Based on Iterative Relaxation,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 568 – 581, May 2002.
- S. Raman, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. J. Alpert, “Probability-driven Routing in a Datapath Environment,” Integration: The VLSI Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 159 – 182, May 2002.
- M. Zhao and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Technology Mapping Algorithms for Domino Logic,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 306 – 335, April 2002.
- M. Zhao, R. V. Panda, S. S. Sapatnekar, and D. T. Blaauw, “Hierarchical Analysis of Power Distribution Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 159 – 168, Feb 2002.
- C. J. Alpert, M. Hrkic, J. Hu, A. B. Kahng, J. Lillis, B. Liu, S. T. Quay, S. S. Sapatnekar, A. J. Sullivan, and P. Villarubia, “Buffered Steiner Trees for Difficult Instances,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 3 – 14, Jan 2002.
- J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Survey on Multi-net Global Routing for Integrated Circuits,” Integration: The VLSI Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 1 – 49, November 2001.
- Y. Jiang, S. S. Sapatnekar and C. Bamji, “Technology Mapping for High Performance Static CMOS and Pass Transistor Logic Designs,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 577 – 589, October 2001.
- M. Kuhlmann and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Exact and Efficient Crosstalk Estimation,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 20, No. 7, pp. 858 – 866, July 2001.
- C. J. Alpert, G. Gandham, J. Hu, J. L. Neves, S. T. Quay and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Steiner Tree Construction for Buffers, Blockages and Bays,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 556 – 562, April 2001.
- M. Zhao and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Timing-driven Partitioning and Timing Optimization of Mixed Static-Domino Implementations,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 19, No. 11, pp. 1322 – 1336, November 2000.
- K. Kasamsetty, M. Ketkar, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A New Class of Convex Functions for Delay Modeling and their Application to the Transistor Sizing Problem,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 19, No. 7, pp. 779 – 788, July 2000.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Timing Model Incorporating the Effect of Crosstalk on Delay and its Application to Optimal Channel Routing,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 19, No. 5, pp. 550 – 559, May 2000.
- J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Algorithms for Non-Hanan-based Optimization for VLSI Interconnect under a Higher Order AWE Model,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 446 – 458, April 2000.
- S. S. Sapatnekar and W. Chuang, “Power-Delay Optimizations in Gate Sizing,” ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 98 – 114, January 2000.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimizing Large Multiphase Level-Clocked Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 18, No. 9, pp. 1249 – 1264, September 1999.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Retiming Control Logic,” Integration: The VLSI Journal, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 33 – 53, September 1999.
- H. Hou, J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “NonHanan Routing,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 436 – 444, April 1999.
- Y. Jiang, S. S. Sapatnekar, C. Bamji and J. Kim, “Interleaving Buffer Insertion and Transistor Sizing into a Single Optimization,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 625 – 633, December 1998.
- J. C. Shah, A. A. Younis, S. S. Sapatnekar, and M. M. Hassoun, “An Algorithm for Simulating Power/Ground Networks using Padé Approximants and its Symbolic Implementation,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II, Vol. 45, No. 10, pp. 1372 – 1382, October 1998.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Efficient Retiming of Large Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 74 – 83, March 1998.
- H. Sathyamurthy, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. P. Fishburn, “Speeding up Pipelined Circuits through a Combination of Gate Sizing and Clock Skew Optimization,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 173 – 182, February 1998.
- D. Lehther and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Moment-Based Techniques for RLC Clock Tree Construction,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 69 – 79, January 1998.
- S. Ramaswamy, S. Sapatnekar, and P. Banerjee, “A Framework for Exploiting Data and Functional Parallelism on Distributed Memory Multicomputers,” IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems. Vol. 8, No. 11, pp. 1098 – 1116, November 1997.
- S. S. Sapatnekar and R. B. Deokar, “Utilizing the Retiming-Skew Equivalence in a Practical Algorithm for Retiming Large Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. Vol. 15, No. 10, pp. 1237 – 1248, October 1996.
- P. K. Sancheti and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimal Design of Macrocells for Low Power and High Speed,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. Vol. 15, No. 9, pp. 1160 – 1166, September 1996.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “Wire Sizing as a Convex Optimization Problem: Exploring the Area Delay Tradeoff,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 15, No. 8, pp. 1001 – 1011, August 1996.
- W. Chuang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and I. N. Hajj, “Timing and Area Optimization for Standard-Cell VLSI Circuit Design,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 308 – 320, March 1995.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, P. M. Vaidya, and S. M. Kang, “Convexity-based Algorithms for Design Centering,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 13, No. 12, pp. 1536 – 1549, December 1994.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, V. B. Rao, P. M. Vaidya, and S. M. Kang, “An Exact Solution to the Transistor Sizing Problem for CMOS Circuits using Convex Optimization,” IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 12, No. 11, pp. 1621 – 1634, November 1993.
- S. S. Sapatnekar and V. B. Rao, “A Transistor Sizing Tool for CMOS Circuits,” Journal of Semicustom IC's, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 39 – 44, 1990.

- S. Rothe, J. Lienig, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Stress-based Electromigration Modeling in IC Design: Moving from Theory to Practice,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Synthesis, Modeling, Analysis and Simulation Methods, and Applications to Circuit Design, 2024.
- H. Cılasun, S. Resch, Z. I. Chowdhury, M. Zabihi, Y. Lv, B. Zink, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar and U. R. Karpuzcu, “On Error Correction for Nonvolatile PiM,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Computer Architecture, 2024.
- V. A. Chhabria, W. Jiang, A. B. Kahng, R. Liang, H. Ren, S. S. Sapatnekar, and B.-Y. Wu, “OpenROAD and CircuitOps: Infrastructure for ML EDA Research and Education,” Proceedings of the IEEE VLSI Test Symposium, 2024.
- Z. I. Chowdhury, H. Cılasun, S. Resch, M. Zabihi,
Y. Lv, B. Zink, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar and U. R. Karpuzcu,
“On Gate
Flip Errors in Computing-In-Memory,” Proceedings of
Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2024.

- C. C. Sudarshan, N. Matkar, S. Vrudhula, S. S. Sapatnekar, and V. A. Chhabria, “ECO-CHIP:Estimation of the Carbon Footprint of Chiplet-based Architectures for Sustainable VLSI,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture, 2024.
- S. Guo, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Gu, “A 28nm Physical-based Ray-Tracing Rendering Processor for Photorealistic Augmented Reality with Inverse Rendering and Background Clustering for Mobile Devices,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2024.
- K. Kunal, S. Ramprasath, J. Poojary, R. Harjani,
and S. S. Sapatnekar, "Automated synthesis of
mixed-signal ML inference hardware under accuracy constraints,"
Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation
Conference, 2024.

- K. Kunal, M. Madhusudan, J. Poojary, Ramprasath S, A. K. Sharma, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "Reinforcing the Connection between Analog Design and EDA," Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, 2024.
- S. Resch, H. Cilasun, M. Zabihi, Z. Chowdhury, Z.
Zhao, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar and U. R. Karpuzcu, "PimCity: A
Compute in Memory Substrate featuring both Row and Column
Parallel Computing," Proceedings of the IEEE International
Conference on Rebooting Computing, 2023.

- M. A. A. Shohel, V. A. Chhabria, N. Evmorfopoulos,
and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Frequency-DomainTransient
Electromigration Analysis Using Circuit Theory,”
Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on
Computer-Aided Design, 2023.

- Y. Lin, Y. Li, M. Madhusudan, S. S. Sapatnekar, R.
Harjani, and J. Hu, “MMM: Machine Learning- Based
Macro-Modeling for Linear Analog ICs and ADC/DACs,”
Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for
CAD, 2023. (Best Student Paper Award)

- M. Madhusudan, J. Poojary, A. K. Sharma, Ramprasath S., K. Kunal, S. S. Sapatnekar, and R. Harjani, “Understanding Distance-Dependent Variations for Analog Circuits in a FinFET Technology,” Proceedings of the IEEE European Solid-State Device Research Conference, 2023.
- S. Mondal, Ramprasath S, Z. Zeng, K. Kunal, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Multicore GNN Training Accelerator,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, 2023.
- S. Resch, H. Cilasun, Z. Chowdhury, M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, J.-P. Wang, S. Sapatnekar, and U. R. Karpuzcu, “On Endurance of Processing in (Nonvolatile) Memory,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Computer Architecture, 2023.
- J. Poojary, Ramprasath S., Sachin S. Sapatnekar, and R. Harjani, “Exploration of Design/Layout Tradeoffs for RF Circuits using ALIGN,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Radio- Frequency Integrated Circuits, 2023.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “The ALIGN Automated Analog Layout Engine: Progress, Learnings, and Open Issues,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, 2023.
- N. Evmorfopoulos, M. A. A. Shohel, O. Axelou, P. Stoikos, V. A. Chhabria, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Recent Progress in the Analysis of Electromigration and Stress Migration in Large Multisegment Interconnects,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, 2023.
- V. A. Chhabria and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Analysis of Pattern-dependent Rapid Thermal Annealing Effects on SRAM Design,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, 2023.
- Z. Zeng and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Energy-efficient Hardware Acceleration of Shallow Machine Learning Applications,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2023.
- N. Karmokar, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar “Minimum Unit Capacitance Calculation for Binary-Weighted Capacitor Arrays,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2023.
- S. Kamineni, A. Sharma, R. Harjani, S. S. Sapatnekar, and B. H. Calhoun, “AuxcellGen: A Framework for Autonomous Generation of Analog and Memory Unit Cells,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2023.
- S. D. Manasi, S. Banerjee, A. Davare, A. A. Sorokin, S. M. Burns, D. A. Kirkpatrick, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Reusing GEMM Hardware for Efficient Execution of Depthwise Separable Convolution on ASIC-based DNN Accelerators,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, 2023.
- O. Axelou, N. Evmorfopoulos, G. Floros, G. Stamoulis, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Novel Semi-Analytical Approach for Fast Electromigration Stress Analysis in Multi-Segment Interconnects,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2022.
- H. Esmaeilzadeh, S. Ghodrati, A. B. Kahng, J. K. Kim, S. Kinzer, S. Kundu, R. Mahapatra, S. D. Manasi, S. S. Sapatnekar, Z. Wang and Z. Zeng, “Physically Accurate Learning-based Performance Prediction of Hardware-accelerated ML Algorithms,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for CAD, 2022.
- V. A. Chhabria, W. Jiang, A. B. Kahng, S. S.
Sapatnekar, “From Global Route to Detailed
Route: ML for Fast and Accurate Wire Parasitics and Timing
Prediction,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Workshop on
Machine Learning for CAD, 2022.

- S. Mondal, S. D. Manasi, K. Kunal, Ramprasath S., and S. S. Sapatnekar, “GNNIE: GNN Inference Engine with Load-balancing and Graph-specific Caching,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2022.
- S. Ramprasath, A. K. Sharma, M. Madhusudan, S. Yaldiz, J. Poojary, R. Harjani, S. M. Burns, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Analog/Mixed-Signal Layout Optimization using Optimal Well Taps,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 159 – 166, 2022 (Nominated for Best Paper Award).
- Y. Lin, Y. Li, D. Fang, M. Madhusudan, S. S. Sapatnekar, R. Harjani, and J. Hu, “Are Analytical Techniques Worthwhile for Analog IC Placement?” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2022 (Nominated for Best Paper Award).
- N. Karmokar, A. K. Sharma, J. Poojary, M. Madhusudan, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Constructive Common-Centroid Placement and Routing for Binary-Weighted Capacitor Arrays,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2022.
- T. Dhar, S. Ramprasath, J. Poojary, S. Yaldiz, S. Burns, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Charge Flow Formulation for Guiding Analog/Mixed-Signal Placement,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2022.
- N. Karmokar, M. Madhusudan, A. K. Sharma, R. Harjani, M. P.-H. Lin, and S. S. Sapatnekar “Common-Centroid Layout for Active and Passive Devices: A Review and the Road Ahead,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 114 – 121, 2022.
- H. Esmaeilzadeh, S. Ghodrati, J. Gu, S. Guo, A. B.
Kahng, J. K. Kim, S. Kinzer, R. Mahapatra, S. D. Manasi, E.
Mascarenhas, S. S. Sapatnekar, R. Varadarajan, Z. Wang, H. Xu,
B. R. Yatham, and Z. Zeng, "VeriGOOD-ML: An
Open-Source Flow for Automated ML Hardware Synthesis,"
Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on
Computer-Aided Design, 2021.

- A. K. Sharma, M. Madhusudan, R. Harjani, S. Yaldiz, S. M. Burns, P. Mukherjee, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Performance-Aware Common-centroid Placement and Routing of Transistor Arrays in Analog Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2021.
- M. A. A. Shohel, V. A. Chhabria, N. Evmorfopoulos, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Analytical Modeling of Transient Electromigration Stress based on Boundary Reflections,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2021 (Best Paper Award).
- V. A. Chhabria, K. Kunal, M. Zabihi, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “BeGAN: Power Grid Benchmark Generation Using a Process-portable GAN-based Methodology,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2021.
- J. Liu, S. Su, M. Madhusudan, M. Hassanpourghadi, S. Saunders, Q. Zhang, R. Rasul, Y. Li, J. Hu, A. K. Sharma, S. S. Sapatnekar, R. Harjani, A. Levi, S. Gupta, and M. S.-W. Chen, “From Specification to Silicon: Towards Analog/Mixed-Signal Design Automation using Surrogate NN Models with Transfer Learning,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2021.
- Y. Li, Y. Lin, M. Madhusudan, A. K. Sharma, S. S. Sapatnekar, R. Harjani, and J. Hu, “A Circuit Attention Network-Based Actor-Critic Learning Approach to Robust Analog Transistor Sizing,” ACM/IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for CAD, 2021.
- Z. Chowdhury, S. Resch, H. Clasun, Z. Zhao, M. Zabihi, S. S. Sapatnekar, J.-P.Wang, and U. Karpuzcu, “CAMeleon: Reconfigurable B(T)CAM in Computational RAM,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, pp. 57 – 63, 2021.
- M. A. A. Shohel, V. A. Chhabria, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A New, Computationally Efficient “Blech Criterion” for Immortality in General Interconnects,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 913 – 918, 2021.
- T. Dhar, K. Kunal, Y. Li, Y. Lin, M. Madhusudan,
J. Poojary, A. K. Sharma, S. M. Burns, R. Harjani, J. Hu, P.
Mukherjee, S. Yaldiz, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Machine Learning
Techniques in Analog Layout Automation,” Proceedings of the ACM
International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 71 – 72, 2021.

- T. Dhar, J. Poojary, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Aging of Current DACs and its Impact in Equalizer Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium, 2021.
- A. K. Sharma, M. Madhusudan, S. M. Burns, P. Mukherjee, S. Yaldiz, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "Common-Centroid Layouts for Analog Circuits: Advantages and Limitations," Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, pp. 1224 – 1229, 2021.
- M. Madhusudan, A. K. Sharma, Y. Li, J. Hu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and R. Harjani, "Analog layout generation using optimized primitives," Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, pp. 1234 – 1239, 2021.
- V. A. Chhabria, Y. Zhang, H. Ren, B. Keller, B. Khailany, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "MAVIREC: ML-Aided Vectored IR-Drop Estimation and Classification," Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, pp. 1825 – 1828, 2021.
- S. D. Manasi and S. S. Sapatnekar, "DeepOpt: Optimized Scheduling of CNN Workloads for ASIC-based Systolic Deep Learning Accelerators," Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 235 – 241, 2021.
- T. Dhar, J. Poojary, Y. Li, K. Kunal, M. Madhusudan, A. K. Sharma, S. D. Manasi, J. Hu, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "Fast and Efficient Constraint Evaluation of Analog Layout using Machine Learning Models," Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 158 – 163, 2021.
- V. A. Chhabria, V. Ahuja, A. Prabhu, N. Patil, P. Jain, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "Thermal and IR Drop Analysis Using Convolutional Encoder-Decoder Networks," Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 690 – 696, 2021.
- S. Resch, S. K. Khatamifard, Z. Chowdhury, M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, H. Cilasun, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and U. R. Karpuzcu, "MOUSE: Inference In Non-volatile Memory for Energy Harvesting Applications," Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture, pp. 400 – 414, 2020.
- T. Dhar, K. Kunal, Y. Li, Y. Lin, M. Madhusudan, J. Poojary, A. K. Sharma, S. M. Burns, R. Harjani, J. Hu, P. Mukherjee, S. Yaldiz, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "The ALIGN Open-Source Analog Layout Generator: v1.0 and Beyond (Invited talk)," Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2020.
- Y. Li, Y.Lin, M.Madhusudan, A.Sharma, W. Xu, S. S. Sapatnekar, R. Harjani, and J. Hu, “A Customized Graph Neural Network Model for Guiding Analog IC Placement,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2020.
- K. Kunal, J. Poojary, T. Dhar, M. Madhusudan, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A General Approach for Identifying Hierarchical Symmetry Constraints for Analog Circuit Layout,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2020.
- Y. Li, Y. Lin, M. Madhusudan, A. Sharma, W. Xu, S. S. Sapatnekar, R. Harjani, and J. Hu, “Exploring a Machine Learning Approach to Performance Driven Analog IC Placement,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on VLSI, pp. 24 – 29, 2020.
- H. Cilasun, S. Resch, Z. I. Chowdhury, E. Olson, M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, T. Peterson, J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and U. R. Karpuzcu, “CRAFFT: High Resolution FFT Accelerator In Spintronic Computational RAM,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2020.
- K. Kunal, T. Dhar, Y. Li, M. Madhusudan, J. Poojary, A. K. Sharma, W. Xu, S. M. Burns, R. Harjani, J. Hu, P. Mukherjee, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Learning from Experience: Applying ML to Analog Circuit Design,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, p. 55, 2020.
- Z. I. Chowdhury, S. Resch, M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, T. Peterson, Mahendra DC, U. Karpuzcu, J.-P. Wang, and S. Sapatnekar, “True In-memory Computing with the CRAM: From Technology to Applications,” Non-Voltatile Memories Workshop, 2020.
- T. Li and S. S. Sapatnekar, "Stress-Induced Performance Shifts in Flexible System-in-Foils Using Ultra-Thin Chips," Proceedings of the International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, 2020.
- K. Kunal, T. Dhar, M. Madhusudan, J. Poojary, A. K. Sharma, W. Xu, S. M. Burns, J. Hu, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "GANA: Graph Convolutional Network Based Automated Netlist Annotation for Analog Circuits," Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2020.
- V. A. Chhabria, A. B. Kahng, M. Kim, U. Mallappa, S. S. Sapatnekar, and B. Xu, "Template-based PDN Synthesis in Floorplan and Placement Using Classifier and CNN Techniques," Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 44 – 49, 2020.
- A. K. Sharma, M. Madhusudan, K. Kunal, W. Xu, Y. Li, T. Dhar, J. Poojary, V. A. Chhabria, S. M. Burns, P. Mukherjee, D. A. Kirkpatrick, J. Hu, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "A Grid-based Technology-Independent Analog Cell Generator," Workshop on Open-Source EDA Technology, 2019.
- V. A. Chhabria, A. B. Kahng, M. Kim, U. Mallappa, S. S. Sapatnekar, and B. Xu, "OpeNPDN: Neural Networks for Automated Power Delivery Network Synthesis," Workshop on Open-Source EDA Technology, 2019.
- G. Pradipta, V. A. Chhabria, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "A Machine Learning Based Parasitic Extraction Tool," Workshop on Open-Source EDA Technology, 2019.
- V. A. Chhabria and S. S. Sapatnekar, "TherMOS: A Thermal Model for Analyzing Self-Heating in Advanced MOSFETs," Workshop on Open-Source EDA Technology, 2019.
- Q. Fan, S. S. Sapatnekar, and D. J. Lilja, "Using DCT-based Approximate Communication to Improve MPI Performance in Parallel Clusters," Proceedings of the IEEE International Performance Computing and Communications Conference, 2019 (Nominated for Best Paper Award).
- L. Huang, I-H. Hou, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Hu, "Improving QoS for Global Dual-Criticality Scheduling on Multiprocessors," Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications, 2019.
- K. Kunal, M. Madhusudan, A. K. Sharma, W. Xu, S. M. Burns, R. Harjani, J. Hu, D. A. Kirkpatrick, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "ALIGN – Open-Source Analog Layout Automation from the Ground Up," Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2019.
- T. Ajayi, V. A. Chhabria, M. Fogaça, S. Hashemi, A. Hosny, Adrew B. Kahng, M. Kim, J. Lee, U. Mallappa, M. Neseem, G. Pradipta, S. Reda, M. Saligane, S. S. Sapatnekar, C. Sechen, M. Shalan, W. Swartz, L. Wang, Z. Wang, M. Woo, and B. Xu, "Toward an Open-Source Digital Flow: First Learnings from the OpenROAD Project," Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2019.
- M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, Z. I. Chowdhury, S. Resch, Mahendra DC, T. Peterson, U. R. Karpuzcu, J.-P. Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, "True In-memory Computing with the CRAM: From Technology to Applications," Proceedings of the Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI, 2019.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, "Electromigration-Aware Interconnect Design," Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, 2019.
- T. Ajayi, D. Blaauw, T.-B. Chan, C.-K. Cheng, V. A. Chhabria, D. K. Choo, M. Coltella, R. Dreslinski, Mateus Fogaça, S. Hashemi, A. Ibrahim, A. B. Kahng, M. Kim, J. Li, Z. Liang, U. Mallappa, P. Penzes, G. Pradipta, S. Reda, A. Rovinski, K. Samadi, S. S. Sapatnekar, L. Saul, C. Sechen, V. Srinivas, W. Swartz, D. Sylvester, D. Urquhart, L. Wang, M. Woo, and B. Xu, "OpenROAD: Toward a Self-Driving, Open-Source Digital Layout Implementation Tool Chain," GOMACHTECH, 2019.
- M. Zabihi, Z. Zhao, Z. Chowdhury, M. Resch, T. Peterson, Mahendra DC, J.-P. Wang, U. Karpuzcu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Using Spin-Hall MTJs to Build an Energy-Efficient In-memory Computation Platform,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, 2019.
- V. A. Chhabria and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Impact of Self-heating on Performance and Reliability in FinFET and GAAFET Designs,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, 2019.
- C. Li, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Hu, “Fast Mapping-Based High-Level Synthesis of Pipelined Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, 2019.
- T. Dhar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Reliability Analysis of a Delay-Locked Loop under HCI and BTI Degradation,” Proceedings of the International Reliability Physics Symposium, 2019.
- L. R. Everson, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “A 40x40 Four-Neighbor Time-Based In-Memory Computing Graph ASIC Chip Featuring Wavefront Expansion and 2D Gradient Control,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2019.
- F. S. Snigdha, I. Ahmed, S. D. Manasi, M. G. Mankalale, J. Hu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “SeFAct: Selective Feature Activation and Early Classification for CNNs,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp 526 – 531, 2019.
- T. Li and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Strain-Aware Performance Evaluation and Correction for OTFT-Based Flexible Displays,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2018.
- L. Huang, I-H. Hou, S. Sapatnekar, and J. Hu, “Graceful Degradation of Low-Criticality Tasks in Multiprocessor Dual-Criticality Systems,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Real-Time Networks and Systems, 2018.
- L. Huang, Y. Li, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Hu, “Using Imprecise Computing for Improved Non-Preemptive Real-Time Scheduling,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2018.
- S. Jain, S. Sapatnekar, J.-P. Wang, K. Roy, and A. Raghunathan, “Computing-in-Memory with Spintronics," Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2018.
- C. Li, D. Sengupta, F. S. Snigdha, W. Xu, J. Hu, and S. S. Sapatnekar,“A Quantifiable Approach to Approximate Computing,” Proceedings of CASES: International Conference on Compilers, Architecture, and Synthesis for Embedded Systems, 2017.
- T. Li and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Stress-Aware Performance Evaluation of 3D-StackedWide I/O DRAMs,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2017.
- W. Xu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Hu, “A Simple Yet Efficient Accuracy Configurable Adder Design,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, 2017.
- J.-P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, C. H. Kim, P. Crowell, S. Koester, S. Datta, K. Roy, A. Raghunathan, X. S. Hu, M. Niemier, A. Naeemi, C.-L. Chien, C. Ross, and R. Kawakami, “A Pathway to Enable Exponential Scaling for the Beyond-CMOS Era,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2017.
- D. Sengupta, F. Sharmin Snigdha, J. Hu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “SABER: Selection of Approximate Bits for the Design of Error Tolerant Circuits,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2017.
- V. Mishra and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Incorporating the Role of Stress on Electromigration in Power Grids with Via Arrays,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2017.
- Q. Fan, D. J. Lilja, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Cost-Quality Trade-offs of Approximate Memory Repair Mechanisms for Image Data,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, 2017.
- R. Perricone, I. Ahmed, Z. Liang, M. G. Mankalale, X. S. Hu, C. H. Kim, M. Niemier, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J.-P. Wang, “Advanced Spintronic Memory and Logic for Non-Volatile Processors,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2017.
- C. Li, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Hu, “Control Synthesis and Delay Sensor Deployment for Efficient ASV Designs,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2016.
- M. G. Mankalale, Z. Liang, A. Klemm Smith, Mahendra D. C., M. Jamali, J.-P.Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Fast Magnetoelectric Device Based on Current-driven Domain Wall Propagation,” Proceedings of the IEEE Device Research Conference, 2016.
- F. Sharmin Snigdha, D. Sengupta, J. Hu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimal Design of JPEG Hardware Under the Approximate Computing Paradigm,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2016.
- V. Mishra and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Predicting Electromigration Mortality Under Temperature and Product Lifetime Specifications,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2016.
- D. Sengupta, V. Mishra, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimizing Device Reliability Effects at the Intersection of Physics, Circuits, and Architecture,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2016.
- J. Cortadella, M. Lupon, A. Moreno, A. Roca, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Ring Oscillator Clocks and Margins,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Asynchronous Circuits and Systems, 2016. (Best Paper Award)
- Z. Liang, M. Mankalale, B. Del Bel, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Logic and Memory Design using Spin-based Circuits,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, 2016.
- D. Sengupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “FEMTO: Fast Error Analysis in Multipliers through Topological Traversal,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2015.
- S. K. Marella, A. R. Trivedi, S. Mukhopadhyay, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimization of FinFET-based Circuits using a Dual Gate Pitch Technique,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2015.
- J. Cortadella, L. Lavagno, P. López, M. Lupon, A. Moreno, A. Roca, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Reactive Clocks with Variability-Tracking Jitter,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, 2015.
- C. Li, W. Luo, S. S. Sapatnekar, J. Hu, “Joint Precision Optimization and High Level Synthesis for Approximate Computing,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2015.
- V. Mishra and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Circuit Delay Variability Due to Wire Resistance Evolution Under AC Electromigration,” Proceedings of the International Reliability Physics Symposium, pp. 3.D.3-1 – 3.D.3-7, 2015.
- P. Jain, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Cortadella, “Stochastic and Topologically Aware Electromigration Analysis for Clock Skew,” Proceedings of the International Reliability Physics Symposium, pp. 3.D.4-1 – 3.D.4-7, 2015.
- P. Jain, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. Cortadella, “A Retargetable and Accurate Methodology for Logic-IP-internal Electromigration Assessment,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 346 – 351, 2015.
- D. Sengupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “ReSCALE: Recalibrating Sensor Circuits for Aging and Lifetime Estimation under BTI,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 492 – 497, 2014.
- G. Posser, V. Mishra, P. Jain, R. Reis, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Systematic Approach for Analyzing and Optimizing Cell-Internal Signal Electromigration,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 486 – 491, 2014.
- G. Posser, V. Mishra, R. Reis, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Analyzing the Electromigration Effects on Different Metal Layers and Different Wire Lengths,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Electronics Circuits and Systems, pp. 682 – 685, 2014.
- J. Yin, P. Zhou, S. S. Sapatnekar, and A. Zhai, “Energy-Efficient Time-Division Multiplexed Hybrid-Switched NoC for Heterogeneous Multicore Systems,” Proceedings of the International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, pp. 293 – 303, 2014.
- B. Del Bel, J. Kim, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Improving STT-MRAM Density Through Multibit Error Correction,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2014.
- D. Sengupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Predicting Circuit Aging Using Ring Oscillators,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, 2014.
- A. Paul, C. Kshirsagar, S. Sapatnekar, S. Koester, and C. Kim, “Leakage Modeling for Devices with Steep Sub-threshold Slope Considering Random Threshold Variations,” Proceedings of the International Conference on VLSI Design, 2014.
- A. Paul, D. Jiao, S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “Deep Trench Capacitor based Step-up and Step-down DC/DC Converters in 32nm SOI with Opportunistic Current Borrowing and Fast DVFS Capabilities,” Proceedings of the IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2013.
- S. Marella and S. S. Sapatnekar, “The Impact of Shallow Trench Isolation Effects on Circuit Performance,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, 2013.
- V. Mishra and S. S. Sapatnekar, “The Impact of Electromigration in Copper Interconnects on Power Grid Integrity,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, 2013.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “What Happens when Circuits Grow Old: Aging Issues in CMOS Design,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on VLSI Design, Automation & Test, 2013.
- P. Zhou, V. Mishra and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Placement Optimization of Power Supply Pads Based on Locality,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, pp. 1665 – 1670, 2013.
- Y. Wei, Z. Li, C. Sze, S. Hu, C. J. Alpert, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “CATALYST: Planning Layer Directives for Effective Design Closure,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, pp. 1873 – 1878, 2013.
- P. Zhou, W. H. Choi, B. Kim, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimization of On-Chip Switched-Capacitor DC-DC Converters for High-Performance Applications,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 263 – 270, 2012.
- S. Marella, S. V. Kumar, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Holistic Analysis of Circuit Timing Variations in 3D-ICs with Thermal and TSV-Induced Stress Considerations,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 317 – 324, 2012.
- J. Fang, S. Gupta, S. V. Kumar, S. K. Marella, V. Mishra, P. Zhou, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Circuit Reliability: From Physics to Architectures,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 243 – 246, 2012.
- A. Paul, M. Amrein, S. Gupta, A. Vinod, A. Arun, S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “Staggered Core Activation: A Circuit/Architectural Approach for Mitigating Resonant Supply Noise Issues in Multi-core Multi-power Domain Processors,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 2012.
- J. Yin, P. Zhou, A. Holey, S. S. Sapatnekar, and A. Zhai, “Energy-Efficient Non-Minimal Path On-chip Interconnection Network for Heterogeneous Systems,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, pp. 57 – 62, 2012.
- Y. Wei, C. Sze, N. Viswanathan, Z. Li, C. J. Alpert, L. Reddy, A. D. Huber, G. E. Tellez, D. Keller, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “GLARE: Global and Local Wiring Aware Routability Evaluation,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 768 – 773, 2012.
- J. Fang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Understanding the Impact of Transistor-Level BTI Variability,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium, pp. CR-2.1 – CR-2.6, 2012. (Best Poster Award)
- S. Gupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “GNOMO: Greater-than-NOMinal Vdd Operation for BTI Mitigation,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 271 – 276, 2012.
- S. Gupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “BTI-Aware Design Using Variable Latency Units,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 775 – 780, 2012.
- J. Fang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “The Impact of Hot Carriers on Timing in Large Circuits,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 591 – 596, 2012.
- B. Boghrati and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Incremental Power Network Analysis Using Backward Random Walks,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 41 – 46, 2012. (Nominated for Best Paper Award)
- Kumaraguruparan N., Sivaramakrishnan H., and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Residential Task Scheduling using the Multiple Knapsack Method,” Proceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, 2012.
- P. Zhou, D. Jiao, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Exploration Of On-Chip Switched-Capacitor DC-DC Converter For Multicore Processors Using A Distributed Power Delivery Network,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 2011.
- P. Zhou, J. Yin, A. Zhai, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “NoC Frequency Scaling with Flexible-Pipeline Routers,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, pp. 403 – 408, 2011.
- J. Kung, I. Han, S. S. Sapatnekar, and Y. Shin, “Thermal Signature: A Simple Yet Accurate Thermal Index for Floorplan Optimization,” Proceedings of the ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 108 – 113, 2011.
- B. Boghrati and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Scaled Random Walk Solver for Fast Power Grid Analysis,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, pp. 38 – 43, 2011.
- T. Kolpe, A. Zhai, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Enabling Improved Power Management in Multicore Processors through Clustered DVFS,” Proceedings of Design, Automation and Test in Europe, pp. 293 – 298, 2011.
- J. Fang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Accounting for Inherent Circuit Resilience and Process Variations in Analyzing Gate Oxide Reliability,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 689 – 694, 2011.
- H. Qian and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Fast Poisson Solvers for Thermal Analysis,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 698 – 702, 2010
- J. Fang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Scalable Methods for the Analysis and Optimization of Gate Oxide Breakdown,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, pp. 638 – 645, 2010. (Best Paper Award)
- Y. Wei and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Dummy Fill Optimization for Enhanced Manufacturability,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 97 – 104, 2010.
- S. Gupta and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Current Source Modeling in the Presence of Body Bias,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 199 – 204, 2010. (Nominated for Best Paper Award)
- P. Zhou, P.-H. Yuh, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Application-Specific 3D Network-on-Chip Design Using Simulated Allocation,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 517 – 522, 2010. (Nominated for Best Paper Award)
- Y. Wei, J. Hu, F. Liu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Physical Design Techniques for Optimizing RTA-induced Variations,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 745 – 750, 2010.
- B. Boghrati and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Incremental Solution of Power Grids using Random Walks,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 757 – 762, 2010. (Nominated for Best Paper Award)
- Q. Liu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Synthesizing a Representative Critical Path for Post-Silicon Delay Prediction,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 183 – 190, 2009 (Best paper award).
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “Addressing Thermal and Power Delivery Bottlenecks in 3D Circuits,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 423 – 428, 2009.
- S. V. Kumar, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Adaptive Techniques for Overcoming Performance Degradation due to Aging in Digital Circuits,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 284 – 289, 2009.
- P. Zhou, K. Sridharan, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Congestion-Aware Power Grid Optimization for 3D Circuits Using MIM and CMOS Decoupling Capacitors,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 179 – 184, 2009.
- P. Zhou, J. Gu, P. Jain, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Reliable Power Delivery for 3D ICs,” Sematech Workshop on Design and Test Challenges for 3D ICs, 2008.
- P.-Y. Yuh, C.-L. Yang, Y.-W. Chang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Progressive-ILP Based Routing Algorithm for Cross-Referencing Biochips,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 284 – 289, 2008.
- S. V. Kumar, C. Kashyap, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Framework for Block-Based Timing Sensitivity Analysis,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 688 – 693, 2008.
- S. V. Kumar, C. Kashyap, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Framework for Block-Based Timing Sensitivity Analysis,” ACM Workshop on the Specification and Synthesis of Digital Systems (TAU), 2008.
- H. Mogal, H. Qian, K. Bazargan, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Clustering Based Pruning for Statistical Criticality Computation under Process Variations,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 340 – 343, 2007.
- D. Bufistov, J. Cortadella, M. Kishinevsky, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A General Model for Performance Optimization of Sequential Systems,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 362 – 369, 2007.
- Y. Zhan, T. Zhang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Module Assignment for Pin-Limited Designs under the Stacked-Vdd Paradigm,”Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 656 – 659, 2007.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “CAD for 3D Circuits: Solutions and Challenges,” Proceedings of the VLSI/ULSI Multilevel Interconnection Conference, pp. 245 – 251, 2007 (Invited).
- B. Goplen and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Placement of 3D ICs with Thermal and Interlayer Via Considerations,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 626 – 631, 2007.
- J. Gu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “Width-dependent Statistical Leakage Modeling for Random Dopant Induced Threshold Voltage Shift,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 87 – 92, 2007. (Nominated for Best Paper Award).
- S. V. Kumar, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “NBTI-Aware Synthesis of Digital Circuits,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 370 – 375, 2007.
- Q. Liu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Confidence Scalable Post-Silicon Statistical Delay Prediction under Process Variations,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 497 – 502, 2007.
- F. Marques, S. S. Sapatnekar, and A. I. Reis, “DAG Based Library-Free Technology Mapping,” Proceedings of the Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI Systems, pp. 293 – 298, 2007.
- Z. Li, C. J. Alpert, S. Quay, S. S. Sapatnekar, and W. Shi, “Probabilistic Congestion Prediction with Partial Blockages,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, 2007.
- S. V. Kumar, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “An Analytical Model for Negative Bias Temperature Instability,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 493 – 496, 2006.
- V. Nookala, D. Lilja, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Temperature-Aware Floorplanning of Microarchitecture Blocks with IPC-Power Dependence Modeling and Transient Analysis,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, pp. 298 – 303, 2006.
- J. Gu, J. Keane, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C.-H. Kim, “Width Quantization Aware FinFET Circuit Design,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 2006.
- J. Singh and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Statistical Timing Analysis with Correlated Non-Gaussian Parameters using Independent Component Analysis,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 155 – 160, 2006.
- J. Keane, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. H. Kim, “Subthreshold Logical Effort: A Systematic Framework for Optimal Subthreshold Device Sizing,”Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 425 – 428, 2006.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “Physical Design Automation Challenges for 3D ICs,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Integrated Circuit Design and Technology, p. 172, 2006 (Invited paper).
- H. Qian and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Stochastic Preconditioning for Iterative Linear Equation Solvers,” Ninth Copper Mountain Conference on Iterative Methods, 2006.
- V. Nookala, D. J. Lilja, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Comparing Simulation Techniques for Microarchitecture-Aware Floorplanning,” IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software, pp. 80 – 88, 2006.
- S. V. Kumar, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Impact of NBTI on SRAM Read Stability and Design for Reliability,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design pp. 210 – 218, 2006.
- Y. Zhan, B. Goplen, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Electrothermal Analysis and Optimization Techniques for Nanoscale Integrated Circuits,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 219 – 222, 2006.
- T. Zhang, Y. Zhan, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Temperature-Aware Routing in 3D ICs,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 309 – 314, 2006.
- S. V. Kumar, C. H. Kim, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Mathematically-Assisted Adaptive Body Bias (ABB) for Temperature Compensation in Gigascale LSI Systems,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 559 – 564, 2006.
- Y. Zhan, Y. Feng, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Fixed-die Floorplanning Algorithm Using an Analytical Approach,” Proceedings of the Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 771 – 776, 2006.
- Y. Zhan and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A High Efficiency Full-Chip Thermal Simulation Algorithm,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 634 – 637, 2005.
- H. Qian and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Hybrid Linear Equation Solver and its Application in Quadratic Placement,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 905 – 909, 2005.
- F. R. Schneider, R. P. Ribas, S. S. Sapatnekar, and A. I. Reis, “Exact Lower Bound for the Number of Switches in Series to Implement a Combinational Logic Cell,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 357 – 362, 2005.
- B. Goplen, P. Saxena, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Net Weighting to Reduce Repeater Counts during Placement,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 503 – 508, 2005.
- H. Chang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Full-Chip Analysis of Leakage Power Under Process Variations, Including Spatial Correlations,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 523 – 528, 2005.
- J. Singh, Z.-Q. Luo, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Robust Gate Sizing by Geometric Programming,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 315 – 320, 2005.
- V. Nookala, Y. Chen, D. J. Lilja, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Microarchitecture-aware Floorplanning using a Statistical Design of Experiments Approach,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 579 – 584, 2005.
- V. Nookala and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Designing Optimized Pipelined Global Interconnects: Algorithms and Methodology Impact,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 608 – 611, 2005.
- S. K. Karandikar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Fast Estimation of Area-Delay Tradeoffs in Circuit Sizing,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 3575 – 3578, 2005.
- F. S. Marques, R. P. Ribas, S. S. Sapatnekar, and A. I. Reis, “A New Approach to the Use of Satisfiability in False Path Detection,” Proceedings of the ACM Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI, pp. 308 – 311, 2005.
- J. Singh and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Fast Algorithm for Power Grid Design,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 70 – 77, 2005.
- R. S. Shelar, P. Saxena, X. Wang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Near-optimal Technology Mapping Algorithm Targeting Routing Congestion under Delay Constraints,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 137 – 144, 2005.
- B. Goplen and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Thermal Via Placement in 3D ICs,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 167 – 174, 2005.
- Y. Zhan and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Fast Computation of the Temperature Distribution in VLSI Chips Using the Discrete Cosine Transform and Table Look-up,” Proceedings of the Asia/South Pacific Design Automation Conference, 2005.
- T. Zhang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Buffering Global Interconnects in Structured ASIC Design,” Proceedings of the Asia/South Pacific Design Automation Conference, 2005.
- H. Qian, J. Kozhaya, S. R. Nassif, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Chip-level Electrostatic Discharge Simulation Strategy,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 315 – 318, 2004.
- S. K. Karandikar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Logical Effort Based Technology Mapping,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 419 – 422, 2004.
- C. J. Alpert, J. Hu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C.-N. Sze, “Accurate Estimation of Global Buffer Delay within a Floorplan,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 706 – 711, 2004.
- A. Sultania, D. Sylvester, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Gate Oxide Leakage Reduction using Transistor and Pin Reordering for Dual Tox Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 228 – 233, 2004.
- T. Zhang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Simultaneous Shield and Buffer Insertion for Crosstalk Noise Reduction in Global Routing,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 93 – 98, 2004.
- H. Chang, H. Qian, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “The Certainty of Uncertainty: Randomness in Nanometer Design,” Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Proceedings of PATMOS), E. Macii, V. Paliouras and O. Koufopavlou, ed., Vol. 3254, pp. 36 – 47, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2004 (Invited Paper).
- Y. Zhan, R. Harjani, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “On the Selection of On-Chip Inductors for the Optimal VCO Design,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 2004.
- V. Nookala and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Method for Correcting the Functionality of a Wire-Pipelined Circuit,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 570 – 575, 2004 (Nominated for Best Paper Award).
- A. Sultania, D. Sylvester, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Tradeoffs between Gate Oxide Leakage and Delay for Dual Tox Circuits,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 761 – 766, 2004.
- J. Singh and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Topology Optimization of Structured Power/Ground Networks,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 116 – 123, 2004.
- H. Qian, S. R. Nassif, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Early-stage Power Grid Analysis for Uncertain Working Modes,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 132 – 137, 2004.
- R. S. Shelar, S. S. Sapatnekar, P. Saxena, and X. Wang, “A Predictive Distributed Congestion and its Application to Technology Mapping,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 210 – 217, 2004.
- Y. Zhan and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Optimization of Integrated Spiral Inductors Using Sequential Quadratic Programming,” Proceedings of Design and Test in Europe, 2004.
- S. K. Karandikar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Fast Comparison of Circuit Implementations,” Proceedings of Design and Test in Europe, 2004.
- C. Alpert, J. Hu, S. Sapatnekar, and C-N. Sze, “A Fast Oracle for Interconnect Delay Prediction,”Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on the Speci[1]cation and Synthesis of Digital Systems (TAU), 2004.
- H. Qian and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Hierarchical random-walk algorithms for power grid analysis,” Proceedings of the Asian and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 499-504, 2004.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “High-performance Power Grids for Nanometer Technology,” Proceedings of the International Conference on VLSI Design, 2004 (Invited paper).
- H. Chang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Statistical Timing Analysis Considering Spatial Correlations Using a Single PERT-like Traversal,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 621 – 625, 2003. (ICCAD Ten-Year Retrospective Most Influential Paper Award).
- B. Goplen and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Efficient Thermal Placement of Standard Cells in 3D ICs using a Force Directed Approach,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 86 – 89, 2003.
- V. Rajappan and S. S. Sapatnekar, “An Efficient Algorithm for Calculating the Worst-case Delay due to Crosstalk,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 76 – 81, 2003.
- H. Qian, S. R. Nassif and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Random Walks in a Supply Network,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 93 – 98, 2003 (Best paper award).
- H. Hu, D. Blaauw, V. Zolotov, K. Gala, M. Zhao, R. Panda, and S. Sapatnekar, “Table Look-up Based Compact Modeling for On-chip Interconnect Timing and Noise Analysis,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2003.
- G. Chen and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Partition-Driven Standard Cell Thermal Placement,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 75 – 80, 2003.
- H. Hu, D. T. Blaauw, V. Zolotov, K. Gala, M. Zhao, R. Panda, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Precorrected-FFT Method for Simulating On-chip Inductance,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 221 – 227, 2002.
- M. Ketkar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Standby Power Optimization via Transistor Sizing and Dual Threshold Voltage Assignment,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 375 – 378, 2002.
- H. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Efficient PEEC-based Inductance Extraction using Circuit-Aware Techniques,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 434 – 439, 2002.
- H. Su, J. Hu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and S. R. Nassif, “Congestion-driven Codesign of Power and Signal Networks,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 64 – 69, 2002.
- R. Shelar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Efficient Layout Synthesis Algorithm for Pass Transistor Logic Circuits,” Workshop Notes of the International Workshop on Logic and Synthesis, 2002.
- H. Su, S. S. Sapatnekar, and S. R. Nassif, “An Algorithm for Optimal Decoupling Capacitor Sizing and Placement for Standard Cell Layouts,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 68 – 73, 2002.
- R. S. Shelar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “An Efficient Algorithm for Low Power Pass Transistor Synthesis,” Proceedings of the International Conference on VLSI Design/Asia-South Pacific Design Automation Conference, pp. 87 – 92, 2002.
- H. Su and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Hybrid Structured Clock Network Construction,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 333 – 336, 2001.
- R. S. Shelar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Recursive Bipartitioning of BDDs for Performance Driven Synthesis of Pass Transistor Logic Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 449 – 452, 2001.
- R. S. Shelar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “BDD Decomposition for the Synthesis of High Performance PTL Circuits,” Workshop Notes of the International Workshop on Logic and Synthesis, 2001.
- J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Performance Driven Global Routing Through Gradual Refinement,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 481 – 483, 2001.
- S. K. Karandikar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Technology Mapping for SOI Domino Logic Incorporating Solutions for the Parasitic Bipolar Effect,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 377 – 382, 2001.
- M. Zhao and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A New Structural Pattern Matching Algorithm for Technology Mapping,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 371 – 376, 2001 (Nominated for best paper award).
- C. J. Alpert, J. Hu, S. S. Sapatnekar, and P. Villarrubia, “A Practical Methodology for Early Buffer and Wire Resource Allocation,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 189 – 194, 2001 (Best paper award).
- H. Hu and S. Sapatnekar, “Circuit-Aware On-Chip Inductance Extraction,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, pp. 245 – 248, 2001.
- C. J. Alpert, G. Gandham, J. Hu, J. L. Neves, S. T. Quay, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Steiner Tree Optimization for Buffers, Blockages and Bays,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2001.
- C. J. Alpert, G. Gandham, J. Hu, S. T. Quay, A. J. Sullivan, M. Hrkic, J. Lillis, A. B. Kahng, B. Liu, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Buffered Steiner Trees for Difficult Instances,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 4 – 9, 2001.
- M. Ketkar, S. S. Sapatnekar, and P. Patra, “Convexity-Based Optimization for Power-Delay Tradeoff using Transistor Sizing,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Workshop on Timing Issues in the Specification and Synthesis of Digital Systems, pp. 52 – 57, 2000.
- J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Timing-constrained Algorithm for Simultaneous Routing of Multiple Nets,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 99 – 103, 2000.
- H. Su, K. Gala and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Fast Analysis and Optimization of Power/Ground Networks,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 477 – 480, 2000.
- M. Ketkar, K. Kasamsetty, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Convex Delay Models for Transistor Sizing,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 655 – 660, 2000.
- V. Sundararajan, S. S. Sapatnekar, and K. K. Parhi, “MINFLOTRANSIT: Min-Cost Flow Based Transistor Sizing Tool,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 649 – 654, 2000.
- M. Zhao, R. V. Panda, S. S. Sapatnekar, T. Edwards, R. Chaudhry, and D. Blaauw, “Hierarchical Analysis of Power Distribution Networks,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 150 – 155, 2000.
- M. Zhao and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Dual-Monotonic Domino Gate Mapping and Optimal Output Phase Assignment of Domino Logic,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2000.
- S. Raman, S. S. Sapatnekar and C. J. Alpert, “Datapath Routing Based on a Decongestion Metric,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 122 – 127, 2000.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “Capturing the Effect of Crosstalk on Delay,” Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on VLSI Design, pp. 364 – 369, 2000 (Invited Paper) .
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “On the Chicken-and-Egg Problem of Determining the Effect of Crosstalk on Delay in Integrated Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE 8th Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging (EPEP-99), pp. 245 – 248, 1999 (Invited Paper) .
- V. Sundararajan, S. S. Sapatnekar, and K. K. Parhi, “MARSH: Minimum Area Retiming with Setup and Hold Constraints,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 2 – 6, 1999.
- M. Zhao and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Timing-driven Partitioning for Two-Phase Domino and Mixed Static/Domino Implementations,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 102 – 105, 1999.
- Y. Jiang and S. S. Sapatnekar, “An Integrated Algorithm for Combined Placement and Libraryless Technology Mapping,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 107 – 110, 1999.
- M. Kuhlmann, S. S. Sapatnekar, and K. K. Parhi, “Efficient Crosstalk Estimation,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 266 – 272, 1999.
- J. Pangjun and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Clock Distribution using Multiple Voltages,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, pp. 145-150, 1999.
- J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “FAR-DS: Full-plane AWE Routing with Driver Sizing,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 84 – 89, 1999.
- J. Hu and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Simultaneous Buffer Insertion and Non-Hanan Optimization for VLSI Interconnect under a Higher Order AWE Model,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 133 – 138, 1999.
- M. Zhao and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Technology Mapping for Domino Logic,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 248 – 251, 1998.
- Y. Jiang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and C. Bamji, “A Fast Global Gate Collapsing Technique for High Performance Designs Using Static CMOS and Pass Transistor Logic,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 276 – 281, 1998 (Best paper award).
- M. Zhao and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Timing Optimization of Mixed Static and Domino Logic,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 1998.
- H. Hou and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Routing Tree Topology Construction to Meet Interconnect Timing Constraints,” Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 205 – 210, 1998.
- Y. Jiang, S. S. Sapatnekar, C. Bamji, and J. Kim, “Combined Transistor Sizing with Buffer Insertion for Timing Optimization,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, pp. 605 – 608, 1998.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Efficient Minarea Retiming of Large Level-clocked Circuits,” Proceedings of the Design Automation and Test in Europe Conference, pp. 840 – 845, 1998.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Retiming Level-clocked Circuits for Latch Count Minimization,” Proceedings of the ACM International Workshop on Timing Issues in the Specification and Synthesis of Digital Systems, pp. 135 – 140, 1997.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Minimum Area Retiming with Equivalent Initial States,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-aided Design, pp. 216 – 219, 1997.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “An Improved Algorithm for Minimum Area Retiming,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 2 – 6, 1997 (Best paper award).
- S. Pilli and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Power Estimation Considering Statistical IC Parameter Variations,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 1524 – 1527, 1997.
- J. C. Shah, A. A. Younis, S. S. Sapatnekar, and M. M. Hassoun, “Symbolic Analysis of Power/Ground Networks using Moment-matching Methods,” Proceedings of the European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design, pp. 1292 – 1297, 1997.
- J. Kim, C. Bamji, Y. Jiang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Concurrent Transistor Sizing and Buffer Insertion by Considering Cost-Delay Tradeoffs,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Physical Design, pp. 130 – 135, 1997.
- D. Lehther and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Clock Tree Synthesis for Multi-Chip Modules,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 53 – 56, 1996.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Practical Algorithm for Retiming Level-Clocked Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, pp. 440 – 445, 1996.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, J. Shah, and M. M. Hassoun, “Application of Symbolic Analysis to Power and Ground Interconnect Optimization,” Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Symbolic Methods and Applications to Circuit Design, 1996.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “Efficient Calculation of All-Pairs Input-to-Output Delays in Synchronous Sequential Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. IV-520 – IV-523, 1996.
- J. C. Shah and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Wiresizing with Buffer Placement and Sizing for Power-Delay Tradeoffs,” Proceedings of VLSI Design-96, pp. 346 – 351, 1996.
- S. S. Sapatnekar and W. Chuang, “Power vs. Delay in Gate Sizing: Conflicting Objectives?” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 463 – 466, 1995.
- H. Sathyamurthy, S. S. Sapatnekar, and J. P. Fishburn, “Speeding up Pipelined Circuits through a Combination of Gate Sizing and Clock Skew Optimization,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 467 – 470, 1995.
- N. Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Gate Size Optimization for Row-based Layouts,” Proceedings of the 38th Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 1995.
- R. B. Deokar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Fresh Look at Retiming via Clock Skew Optimization,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 304 – 309, 1995.
- P. K. Sancheti and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Layout Optimization Using Arbitrarily High Degree Posynomials,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 53 – 56, 1995.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, “RC Interconnect Optimization under the Elmore Delay Model,” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, pp. 387 – 391, 1994.
- P. K. Sancheti and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Interconnect Design Using Convex Optimization,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, pp. 549 – 552, 1994. [No figures in PS file]
- R. B. Deokar and S. S. Sapatnekar, “A Graph-theoretic Approach to Clock Skew Optimization,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 1.407 – 1.410, 1994.
- J. Kim, S. M. Kang, and S. S. Sapatnekar, “High-Performance CMOS Macromodule Layout Synthesis,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 4.179 – 4.182, 1994.
- S. Ramaswamy, S. Sapatnekar, and P. Banerjee, “A Convex Programming Approach for Exploiting Data and Functional Parallelism on Distributed Memory Multicomputers,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing, pp. 116 – 125, 1994.
- W. Chuang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and I. N. Hajj, “A Unified Algorithm for Gate Sizing and Clock Skew Optimization to Minimize Sequential Circuit Area,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 220 – 223, 1993.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, P. M. Vaidya, and S. M. Kang, “Convexity-based Algorithms for Design Centering,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 206 – 209, 1993.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, P. M. Vaidya, and S. M. Kang, “Feasible Region Approximation Using Convex Polytopes,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 1786 – 1789, 1993. [No figures in pdf file]
- W. Chuang, S. S. Sapatnekar, and I. N. Hajj, “Delay and Area Optimization for Discrete Gate Sizes under Double-Sided Timing Constraints,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, pp. 9.4.1 – 9.4.4, 1993.
- S. S. Sapatnekar and V. B. Rao, “A Convex Optimization Approach to Transistor Sizing for CMOS Circuits,” Invited paper at the ORSA/TIMS 34th Joint National Meeting, 1992.
- R. W. Thaik, S. S. Sapatnekar, and S. M. Kang, “iCGEN: A CMOS Integrated Circuit Layout Generator,” Proceedings of the International Workshop on Layout Synthesis, 1992.
- S. S. Sapatnekar, V. B. Rao, and P. M. Vaidya, “A Convex Optimization Approach to Transistor Sizing for CMOS Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, pp. 482 – 485, 1991.
- S. S. Sapatnekar and V. B. Rao, “iDEAS: A Delay Estimator and Transistor Sizing Tool for CMOS Circuits,” Proceedings of the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, pp. 9.3.1 – 9.3.4, 1990.

- G.
Posser, S. S. Sapatnekar, and R. Reis,
*Electromigration Inside Logic Cells:Modeling, Analyzing and Mitigating Signal Electromigration in NanoCMOS*, Springer, Boston, MA, 2017. - A.
Srivastava, S. S. Sapatnekar, B. Shi, and Y. Zhang,
*Thermally-Informed Design of Microelectronic Components*, (part of The Encyclopedia of Thermal Packaging), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2015. - Y. Xie,
J. Cong, and S. Sapatnekar, editors,
*Three-Dimensional Integrated Circuit Design: EDA, Design and Microarchitectures*, Springer, Boston, MA, 2010. - C. J.
Alpert, D. P. Mehta, and S. S. Sapatnekar, editors,
*Handbook of Algorithms for VLSI Physical Design Automation*, CRC Press, New York, NY, 2008. - P.
Saxena, R. S. Shelar, and S. S. Sapatnekar,
*Routing Congestion in VLSI Circuits*, Springer, Boston, MA, 2007. - D. J.
Lilja and S. S. Sapatnekar,
*Designing Digital Computing Systems with Verilog*, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2005. - S. S.
Sapatnekar,
*Timing*, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 2004. - B. Lu,
D.-Z. Du, and S. S. Sapatnekar, editors,
*Layout Optimization in VLSI Design*, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 2001. - N.
Maheshwari and S. S. Sapatnekar,
*Timing Analysis and Optimization of Sequential Circuits*, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 1999. - S. S.
Sapatnekar and S. M. Kang,
*Design Automation for Timing-Driven Layout Synthesis*, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 1993.

- K. M. Barijough, L. Huang, I-H. Hou, S. S.
Sapatnekar, J. Hu, and A. Gerstlauer, “Deep Learning for Power
Delivery Network and Thermal Analysis,” in
*Approximate Computing Techniques*, A. Bosio, D. Ménard, O. Sentieys, eds., Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2022.

- J. Cortadella and S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Static Timing Analysis,” in
*The CRC Handbook of EDA for IC Design*, 2nd ed., L. Scheffer, L. Lavagno, and G. Martin, eds., pp. 6-1 – 6-17, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2016. - P. Zhou
and S. S. Sapatnekar, “3D Placement and Routing,” in
*Physical Design for 3D Integrated Circuits*, A. Todri-Sanial and C. S. Tan, eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2015. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Power Grid Analysis,” in
*Encyclopedia of Algorithms*, M.-Y. Kao, ed., Springer, Boston, MA, 2015. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Statistical Timing Analysis,” in
*Encyclopedia of Algorithms*, M.-Y. Kao, ed., Springer, Boston, MA, 2015. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Statistical Design of Integrated Circuits,” in
*Low-Power Variation-Tolerant Design in Nanometer Silicon*, S. Bhunia and S. Mukhopadhyay, eds. Springer, Boston, MA, 2011. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Thermal and Power Delivery Challenges in 3D ICs,”
in
*Three-Dimensional Integrated Circuit Design: EDA, Design and Microarchitectures*, Y. Xie, J. Cong, and S. Sapatnekar, eds., Springer, Boston, MA, 2010. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Thermal Via Insertion and Thermally Aware Routing
in 3D ICs,” in
*Three-Dimensional Integrated Circuit Design: EDA, Design and Microarchitectures*, Y. Xie, J. Cong, and S. Sapatnekar, eds., Springer, Boston, MA, 2010. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Computer-Aided Design for 3D Circuits,” in
*3D IC Integration: Technology and Applications*, P. Ramm, C. Bower, P. Garrou, eds., Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2008. - K.
Bazargan and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Physical Design for 3D
Circuits,” in
*The Handbook of Algorithms for VLSI Physical Design Automation*, C. J. Alpert, D. P. Mehta, and S. S. Sapatnekar, eds., CRC Press, 2008. - F. Liu
and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Metrics Used in Physical Design,” in
*The Handbook of Algorithms for VLSI Physical Design Automation*, C. J. Alpert, D. P. Mehta, and S. S. Sapatnekar, eds., CRC Press, 2008. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Static Timing Analysis,” in
*The CRC Handbook of EDA for IC Design*, L. Scheffer, L. Lavagno, and G. Martin, eds., pp. 6-1 . 6-17, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2006. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Convex Optimization,” in
*The Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering*, J. G. Webster, ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY (in press). - J. Hu and
S. S. Sapatnekar, “Non-Hanan Optimization for Global VLSI
Interconnect,” in
*Layout Optimizations in VLSI Design*, B. Lu, D.-Z. Du, and S. S. Sapatnekar, ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 2001. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Circuit Optimization,” in
*The Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering*, J. G. Webster, ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, 2001. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Convex Optimization,” in
*The Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering*, J. G. Webster, ed., Vol. 4, John Wiley, New York, NY, 1999. - S. S.
Sapatnekar, “Design by Optimization,” in
*The Circuits and Filters Handbook*, ed. W.-K. Chen, CRC Press, 1995.